This advanced level core textbook examines the role that HRM and HR managers play in developing processes and practices for high-performance organisations. It is built around a unique conceptual framework that provides a clear and coherent structure for the book. Underpinned by recent research in the field and the author’s academic expertise, the book provides an historical overview of the development of strategic HRM as a field of study before bringing the discussion up to date by examining contemporary topics such as sustainable HRM, e-HRM and high-performance work systems. The book extends the focus beyond the firm to include discussions about the role of multiple stakeholders, such as trade unions and governments, to encourage a deeper understanding of the role of national, institutional and cultural issues, as well as other external influences. This is an essential text for postgraduate and MBA students studying modules on Strategic HRM, Advanced HRM, or HRM and Performance Management. It is also an ideal companion for final-year undergraduate modules on specialist HRM degree programmes.